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During the undergraduate degree days I personally never found how to Calculate Universities Cumulative Grade Point Average CGPA & Sessional Results stressful after following these steps I went through below. Once you are able to follow the outlined steps you can calculate your CGPA for the Semester even before the whole results for the semester is released.

Back then on campus, I had the mind to get at least a second class upper division but my first year GPA result was at Second Class lower division, I was wondering how to beat up to meet up with Upper Division of at least 3.50. Fortunately, First year second semester I was able to get above the average GPA above upper division although combinstion of both results was still an average of second class lower.

Why am I sharing this? It’s to let you know that if you know how to Calculate Universities Cumulative Grade Point Average CGPA & Sessional Results you will figure out where you need to improve in your GPA. Fast forward to my 2nd Year, the same result repeat itself but I never gave up on the calculation.

I knew where the results needs to be fixed and worked harder to cross a second class upper division in third year as well as final year which after combining all the years results as seen below gave me a CCGPA of 3.54 which is an Second Class Honary (Upper Division), that’s wonderful right? You can also do the same by know how to Calculate CGPA in Nigerian Universities and Polytechnics.

 

 

How to Apply for How to Calculate CGPA in Nigerian Universities

Nigerian University Grading System

The grading system in Nigeria’s tertiary institutions uses over a hundred scores.
Thirty (30) marks are for continuous assessment while seventy (70) is for examination score.

Here is the grading system for Nigerian Universities;

Score Grade Points Remark

70 – 100 A 5 Excellent
60 – 69 B 4 Very Good
50 – 59 C 3 Good
45 – 49 D 2 Pass
40 – 44 E 1 Fair
0 – 39 F 0 Fail
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How to Calculate CGPA in Nigerian Universities

GPA
GPA stands for grade point average. It is the grade point for your first and second-semester results.
You need to know the score you got for each of your courses to calculate the GPA of either semester.
Below is a sample of the first and second-semester results of a first-year student in the University.

First Semester Course Outline
Course Code Course Title Unit

ACC 101 Elements of Accounting I 2
COS 101 Introduction to Computer Science 3
PHI 101 Introduction to Logic 2
MAN 101 Principles of Small Business Economics 2
MTH 111 General Mathematics I 3
MAN 141 Elements of Business Economics I 3
GSP 101 The Use of English I 2
GSP 105 Natural Science I 2
Total 19

First Semester Result

Course Code Course Title Score Grade

ACC 101 Elements of Accounting I 46 D
COS 101 Introduction to Computer Science 75 A
PHI 101 Introduction to Logic 66 B
MAN 101 Principles of Small Business Economics 43 E
MTH 111 General Mathematics I 54 C
MAN 141 Elements of Business Economics I 87 A
GSP 101 The Use of English I 49 D
GSP 105 Natural Science I 57 C

First Semester GPA Calculation

Course Code Unit Grade Point Unit x Point Total
ACC 101 2 D 2 2 x 2 4
COS 101 3 A 5 3 x 5 15
PHI 101 2 B 4 2 x 4 8
MAN 101 2 E 1 2 x 1 2
MTH 111 3 C 3 3 x 3 9
MAN 141 3 A 5 3 x 5 15
GSP 101 2 D 2 2 x 2 4
GSP 105 2 C 3 2 x 3 6
Total 19 25 63
You will divide the total point by the total number of credit unit loads for the first semester.

Total Point = 63
Total Unit = 19
GPA = 63/19 = 3.32

Second Semester Course Outline

Course Code Course Title Unit
ACC 102 Elements of Accounting II 2
PSY 101 Introduction to Psychology 2
BF 101 Introduction to Finance 2
MTH 112 General Mathematics II 2
MAN 142 Elements of Business Economics II 3

GSP 102 The Use of English II 2
GSP 106 Natural Science II 2
Total 15

Second Semester Result
The table below shows the second-semester result we would for the calculation.
Course Code Course Title Score Grade
ACC 102 Elements of Accounting II 65 B
PSY 101 Introduction to Psychology 56 C
BF 101 Introduction to Finance 44 E
MTH 112 General Mathematics II 59 C
MAN 142 Elements of Business Economics II 78 A
GSP 102 The Use of English II 49 D
GSP 106 Natural Science II 81 A

First Semester GPA Calculation

Course Code Unit Grade Point Unit x Point Total

ACC 102 2 B 4 2 x 4 8
PSY 101 2 C 3 2 x 3 6
BF 101 2 E 1 2 x 1 2
MTH 112 2 C 3 2 x 3 6
MAN 142 3 A 5 3 x 5 15
GSP 102 2 D 2 2 x 2 4
GSP 106 2 A 5 2 x 5 10
Total 15 23 51

You will divide the total point by the total number of credit unit loads for the second semester.
Total Point = 51
Total Unit = 15
GPA = 51/15 = 3.4

CGPA
CGPA stands for cumulative grade point average. It is an addition to your first and second semester GPA.
Now the final step is to add the GPA of both semesters and divide it into two (2) to get your CGPA.
Semester GPA
First semester 3.32
Second semester 3.4
Total 6.72
CGPA = First semester GPA + Second semester GPA / 2
CGPA = 3.32 + 3.4 / 2 = 3.36

Final Year CGPA
The final year CGPA is an addition of your CGPA from the first year to your final year divided by the number of years of study.
Below is the CGPA of a student from the first year to the final year.
Level CGPA
100 3.36
200 4.5
300 3.9
499 4.7
Total 16.46
Final CGPA = Total CGPA / 4
Final CGPA = 16.46/4 = 4.1

How to Calculate CGPA in Nigerian Universities

Nigerian Degree Categories

CGPA Degree Category
4.50 – 5.0 First Class
3.50 – 4.49 Second Class (Upper)
2.50 – 3.49 Second Class Lower
Less than 2.49 Third Class

 

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